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Sand and Polish

Are your floor boards scratched? Dented? Or possibly lacking the shine and beauty they used to exhibit? Apart from that, are your floors perfectly fine? Then, floor sanding and polishing would be the best way to go. Eventually, all solid floorboards will acquire surface damage and should be sanded and polished to restore them to its former glory.

We offer a variety of sanding and polishing solutions with the lastest technology and most experienced staff,

  • Experienced floor sanders and polishers
  • High quality materials and polish used
  • Innoative floor sanding technologies
  • Unbeatable value

We offer a variety of sanding and polishing solutions with the lastest technology and most experienced staff,

To restore your floorboards to their former glory, contact Besten Flooring now to receive a free quote and professional advice.

Floor Sanding & Varnishing Service - Floor Sanding Experts

We provide a dust free floor sanding service. Initially, we strip floors down to the original wood and then carry out a full floor sanding process before coating. Often we seal the floors prior to coating. Sealing is a more ‘liquid’ version of the final varnish and is applied to create a barrier between any potential contaminates with the new varnish and to act as a ‘grain filler’ and achieve a ‘grain raise’.

Staining

It is advised that stains are tested/sampled beforehand (by ourselves and approved by you, the customer) on the floor that is to be refinished. The depth of colour is largely dependant on the type and age of wood to be treated so it is imperative that the sampling does take place. In contrast, we offer bleaching and liming (whitening) services.

Choosing a Finish

Timber floor finishes may be oil based, composite finishes (mixes of an oil and solvent borne polyurethanes), solvent borne polyurethanes, and water borne polyurethane.

When choosing a finish it is necessary to consider:

  • Wear and the amount of traffic on the floor
  • Ongoing maintenance
  • Board movement after installation
  • The risk of edge bonding
  • The gloss level of the finish – gloss, or low sheen

A finish similar to that of fine furniture should not be expected, as timber strip floors are not finished in a factory environment.  Different pieces of flooring will sand differently.

The finished floor can be expected to have an even appearance free from heavy sanding marks, blooming or frequent air bubbles in the surface.

A minimal level of contaminants minor sanding marks and small depressions of the finish at board edges and in nail holes etc. may be visible.

Some finishes will yellow with time and if rugs are moved, a contrast in the depth of colour can be expected.

Types Of Finishes

Timber floor finishes can be grouped into the four broad categories. These are the oil-based finishes, composite finishes (mixes of oil-based and solvent based polyurethane finishes), solvent based polyurethane finishes and water based finishes. With time all finishes will change in colour and film build as the wears. Therefore the ability to touch up becomes more difficult with time, however all coatings can be restored by recoating. In the long term a re-sand and refinish may be necessary depending on the wear and age of the floor.

Oil-based finishes (alkyd/oleoresins) are the more traditional types of finish manufactured by reacting a natural oil (e.g. linseed and tung) with another chemical. Varnishes and the traditional tung oils fall within this category and are associated with the polished and waxed timber floors of the past. These types of finishes are still available and require greater regular maintenance than the other finishes. However, with the use of acrylic floor polishes, they have become easier to maintain. These finishes will darken with time. They are unlikely to edge bond boards.

Finishes containing oil-based alkyds with the addition of urethanes provide a finish with reasonably good abrasion resistance. Oil modified urethanes, which are one of the predominant floor finishes used in the USA and many of the ‘tung oil’ based finishes are of this type. The odour during application is very strong but dissipates as the finish dries. These finishes provide a subdued, satin to semi-gloss appearance and are unlikely to edge bond boards. They darken with time and require more frequent maintenance particularly in high traffic areas. Acrylic floor polishes may be used to protect the finish.

Solvent based polyurethanes (one pack and two pack) provide a harder finish, generally with limited flexibility but much greater abrasion resistance. Consequently, this greatly reduces the level of routine maintenance. They currently provide some of the hardest finishes available today with gloss levels from matt through to a very high gloss. These finishes, as with the oil-based finishes, will generally darken with time. The odour during application is very strong with these products but dissipates as the finish dries. Due to their high strength and generally limited flexibility, edge bonding of boards can occur.

Some water based polyurethane/acrylic mixes of moderate durability are available but straight one and two pack water based polyurethanes with very good wear resistance are gaining in popularity. These finishes are generally applied over a sealer (either solvent or water based), that not only enhances the colour of the timber but can significantly reduce the risk of edge bonding. Rapid shrinkage in the floor and the associated stretching of the finish at board joints has on occasions caused the appearance of light coloured lines at board joints. Matt through to gloss finishes are available and these finishes generally darken little with time. During application there is low odour associated with water based finishes. A curing additive (catalyst) may or may not be recommended by the manufacturer.

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